Australia is a country located in the southern hemisphere, comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The Indian Ocean borders Australia to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. The country's diverse landscapes range from deserts to coral reefs, and it is known for its unique and varied plant and animal life, such as kangaroos and koalas.
Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. Other major cities include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide. The country has a population of over 24 million people, and the majority of Australians live in urban areas along the coast.
Australia has a strong economy and is known for its mining, agriculture, and tourism industries. It is also home to many world-famous landmarks, such as Uluru (also known as Ayers Rock), the Great Barrier Reef, and the Sydney Opera House.
The climate in Australia varies greatly, but it is generally warm to hot throughout the year. The country's north is tropical, while the south has a more temperate climate. Australia is also home to a diverse range of cultures, with Indigenous Australian, British, and Asian influences. English is the most widely spoken language in the country.
You can fly every day to the east-coast cities from Europe, North America, and Southeast Asia. Fares depend on the season, the highest being the two weeks either side of Christmas. Fares drop during the “shoulder” seasons – late February to May and mid-August to November – and you’ll get the best prices during low season, June to mid-August. Because of the distance from the most popular departure points, flying on weekends does not alter the price.
The easiest way to find a flight is on flight websites that collate airline and agent prices. Specialist flight agents can also help and may offer special student and youth fares as well as organize travel insurance, rail passes, car rental, and tours. If Australia is a stop on a long journey, consider a Round-the-World (RTW) ticket. Australia is a fixture in RTW tickets offered by most agents.
Australia’s climate varies dramatically across regions. In the north it is tropical, in the south it is temperate. The hottest time of the year is from November to January when throughout the country the temperature is from +20 to +32 ° C, and in the central regions, it reaches +38 … + 42 ° C. At the same time, within 1.5-2 hours after sunset, it can get colder by 10-12 degrees. It is relatively cold in June-August, at this time the temperature does not rise above +15 … + 18 ° C, and in the temperate zone it sometimes drops to 0 ° C, it often rains.
The best time to visit the Gold Coast is the Australian summer. In June-August, a big wave rises there, strong winds blow and it rains. At this time, it is better to swim and sunbathe on the BBR.
Australia is a country with a diverse range of cities and regions. The capital city, Canberra, is located in the country's southeast and is known for its modern architecture and cultural institutions, such as the National Gallery of Australia and the Australian War Memorial.
Sydney is Australia's largest city and is located on the east coast. It is a global city known for its iconic landmarks, such as the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Sydney is also home to beautiful beaches, including Bondi Beach, and is known for its vibrant nightlife and dining scene.
Melbourne is another major city in Australia and is located in the southeast of the country. It is known for its cultural institutions, such as the National Gallery of Victoria and the Melbourne Cricket Ground, and is also home to a thriving arts scene. Melbourne is often referred to as the "cultural capital" of Australia.
Brisbane is the capital of the state of Queensland and is located on the east coast of Australia. It is known for its subtropical climate and outdoor lifestyle and is home to many parks and gardens, such as the Brisbane Botanic Gardens.
Perth is the capital of Western Australia and is located on the country's west coast. It is known for its beautiful beaches and parks and is a gateway to the natural beauty of Western Australia, including the Margaret River wine region and the Ningaloo Reef.
Adelaide is the capital of South Australia and is located in the south of the country. It is known for its cultural institutions, such as the Art Gallery of South Australia, and is also home to a thriving food and wine scene.
Australia also has several regions with unique landscapes and attractions. The Outback is a vast, arid region in the country's interior, known for its rugged beauty and outstanding flora and fauna. The Great Barrier Reef is a World Heritage-listed site located off the coast of Queensland and is the most extensive coral reef system in the world. Tasmania is an island state located south of the mainland and known for its rugged wilderness and natural beauty.