Turkey is a country located in the eastern Mediterranean region. It borders Greece and Bulgaria to the north, the Black Sea to the north and east, Syria and Iraq to the south, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east. Turkey is approximately the size of Texas. The capital of Turkey is Ankara and the largest city is Istanbul.
Turkey is a parliamentary republic with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. The population of Turkey is over 80 million. Turkish is the official language, but English and French are also widely spoken. The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira.
Turkey is a member of the United Nations, the OECD, and NATO. The economy of Turkey is the 16th largest in the world. Turkey has a diverse economy with a large agricultural sector, a growing industrial sector, and a booming service industry.
Tourism is a major industry in Turkey. The country is home to many historical and cultural sites, as well as beautiful scenery. Turkey is also a popular destination for beach holidays and winter sports.
The government of Turkey is working to improve the infrastructure and attract more foreign investment. There are a number of challenges that Turkey faces, including a large external debt, high inflation, and a current account deficit. However, the economy is expected to grow in the coming years.
The wide range of flights to Turkey from the UK (fewer from Ireland) takes between 3hr 30min and 5hr, depending on your start and endpoint. Only two carriers fly direct to Turkey from North America, so most North Americans reach Turkey via a European gateway airport. Many travelers from Australia and New Zealand use a Round-the-World (RTW) ticket that includes İstanbul; there are direct flights from South Africa to İstanbul.
Airfares from Europe and North America are at their highest during Easter week and from June to early September. They’re lower in April and May, and from late September into October, while you’ll get the best prices of all between November and March (excluding Christmas and New Year, when seats are at a premium). Australian and New Zealand fares are lowest from mid-January to the end of February and October/November; peak season is mid-May to August, plus December to mid-January. Flight comparison sites like w skyscanner.net are a good way to search for the cheapest option.
The climate of Turkey in different regions differs very noticeably. In Istanbul, it is moderate, the average temperature in winter is +4 ° C, in summer – +27 ° C. The Antalya coast is dominated by a Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of +9 ° C in winter and +29 ° C in summer. The best time to relax in ski resorts is from mid-December to mid-April.
The capital is Ankara, an ancient city with monumental architecture, which until the beginning of the 20th century was considered a province, but with the acquisition of honorary status, it experienced a second heyday. However, most tourists who dream of getting to know the “real” Turkey still choose Istanbul. This is a legendary city, divided by the Bosphorus into European and Asian halves, each of which is a concentration of attractions: cathedrals, mosques, palaces, surrounded by bustling markets and colorful residential areas.
Izmir plays several roles in the Turkish performance at once: it is a popular resort, a modern business center, and a cultural treasury with dozens of museums. The symbol of Adana is the country’s largest mosque, Sabanci, the pride of Erzurum is the majestic 5th-century fortress. And Bursa is the former Ottoman capital, which attracts fans of beach holidays in summer, ski holidays in winter, and excursions all year round.
Central Anatolia is a region with incredible landscapes and ancient cities that keep traces of the greatness of a powerful civilization. Ankara is the main, but far from the only one. There is also Aksaray with mosques, tombs, and caravanserais, Konya is the birthplace of the Christian great martyr Paraskeva-Friday and the folklore sage Khoja Nasreddin and Kayseri with excellent opportunities for excursions, shopping, and skiing.
Antalya coast is a byword for adherents of an all-inclusive vacation. Antalya needs, if not introduction, then rehabilitation of its cultural significance: there are not only hotels and bars but also a scattering of ancient sights. The same is with Kemer, in the vicinity of which the ruins of entire cities lie. The side is a real open-air museum, there are objects of medieval heritage in Alanya, but young Belek has not yet overgrown with historical monuments.
The Turks themselves prefer to rest on the Black Sea coast. Here you can find beautiful nature and ancient ports, some of which are older than the Egyptian pyramids. Trabzon is a city of temples of different confessions, the architecture of Safranbolu is protected by UNESCO.
Cappadocia is known for its multi-level rock monasteries and other iconic Christian shrines. The most vivid impressions will be given by excursions to Goreme, Nevsehir, Urgup, and the Ihlara valley.