This article will provide information about the ocean and the unfortunate fact that it is polluted. Although we should be grateful that the ocean is still as clean as it is, there is more that can be done to help it. There are many sources of pollution in the ocean, but the three main sources are pollution from the land, pollution from the air, and pollution from waste water from boats.
The ocean is a vast, interconnected system of water currents, waves, and tides that carry pollution throughout the world. Oceans take in around 80% of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere from human activities. The ocean has also taken in over 85% of the mercury released by the burning of coal and oil that is released into the atmosphere.
The Ocean Ecosystem
The ocean is a fragile ecosystem that encompasses much of the Earth. The ocean is a diverse habitat that is home to an estimated 8.7 million different types of marine life. The ocean is not just home to unique marine life, but also some of the most productive ecosystems on the planet.
The Trash Vortex
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as the Eastern Garbage Patch, is a collection of marine debris in the north pacific ocean. The debris ranges from tiny bits of plastic and plastics, to larger pieces of fishing gear and debris.
Beach, Sea, and Plastic
Ocean pollution facts
Pollution in oceans is not a new phenomenon and has been around for millennia. However, it has exploded in recent years with the introduction of plastics and other chemicals in the environment. The majority of marine pollution is caused by oil spills, the increased use of plastics, toxic emissions and sewage discharged into the sea.
- Fossil fuels not only pollute the air, but also the oceans. Indeed, today’s seas absorb a quarter of all man-made carbon emissions, which changes the pH of surface waters and leads to acidification.
- In the past 200 years, plastic has been invented and has become one of the most common materials in the world.
- Pollution has had a tremendous impact on the quality of the water and air in our oceans and on the life it hosts.
- Marine animals can suffer from toxic pollutants, such as PCBs, which are released by the burning of fossil fuels.
- Plastic has long been considered a non-biodegradable material, but recent studies have shown that plastic can biodegrade under certain conditions.
- Studies have shown that by 2050, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish.
- The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a zone of marine debris in the Pacific Ocean.
- This zone is located halfway between Hawaii and California, and it’s twice the size of Texas.
- Ninety-eight percent of tap water samples contained plastic fibers.
- A recent study of six people found that they had, on average, 19 microplastic particles per cubic meter of air that they breathed.
- Mostly, plastic is not biodegradable and can leach harmful chemicals.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch
Pollution from the land
Pollution from the land is the result of runoff from the land. This can come from any number of sources, but is most often a result of the use of fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides on land. This can lead to pollution of streams and waterways, which is a concern for the ocean because runoff from streams contain the same harmful substances that are being sprayed on land. When this runoff reaches the ocean, it can lead to decreased oxygen levels and increased levels of harmful bacteria and algae.
Pollution from the air
Pollution from the air is not a result of the ground, but rather the air. Pollution from the air can come from a number of sources, but the most common is the burning of fossil fuels. This burning releases particles and gases that can lead to acid rain and smog. These can lead to reduced visibility in the water, which is not beneficial to fish, sea birds, and other animals.
Pollution from waste water
Pollution from waste water is the result of when boats pollute the ocean. This can come from boats dumping untreated waste water into the ocean. This water contains such things as sewage, which can lead to diseases in many different marine animals. This is a particular concern for coral reefs, which are often found near coastlines. Coral reefs are very sensitive to even the smallest changes in the ocean’s temperature and chemistry, and can be destroyed by pollution.
How to fight with ocean pollution?
How to fight with ocean pollution from the land?
The answer is a holistic approach. The problem cannot be solved by one country or one industry alone. The key is to start by investing in research and development of new materials, to create more sustainable alternatives, and to provide the necessary infrastructure for recycling.
The cost of inaction is not just to the environment, but to the economy. Sustainable materials are more expensive than traditional ones, but these costs are outweighed by the savings in the cost of the raw materials and the energy required to produce them.
How to fight with ocean pollution from the air?
The key is to know the sources of waste and tackle them one by one. For example, in the USA, the main culprits of air pollution are cars, trucks, and power plants. The solution is to invest in cleaner and more efficient cars and trucks, as well as cleaner power plants.
Similarly, the key to reducing the use of plastics in the air is to start with the sources, by reducing the use of plastics, eliminating single-use plastics, and working with industry leaders.
How to fight with ocean pollution from the waste water?
There are three ways of fighting ocean pollution from the waste water. Recycling, desalination and treatment. Recycling is the process of turning solid waste into new products to be used, reused or sold. Desalination is the process of removing salt and minerals from water. Treatment is the process of using physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove, destroy, or reduce the concentration of contaminants that may present a risk to human health or the environment.